10 Secrets of the Vatican We have prepared a list of fun facts and secrets of the Vatican for you. Enjoy! 1. ATM’s in Latin. Yes, Vatican is the only country in the world to have ATM’s that speak Latin. Latin is the official language of the Vatican and one can choose this option by

Major Papal Basilica Saint Mary Major There is a church on the Esquiline hill, in Rome, called Santa Maria Maggiore or Saint Mary Major. This church is one of four major papal Basilicas and the largest Marian church in Rome. Every year, on August the 5th something strange and beautiful happens around this fascinating church:

It took 120 years to build the Major Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican (from 1506, with Pope Julius II, to 1626, with Pope Urban VIII). It was built on the site where another basilica had been previously built by the Emperor Constantine I in the 4th century AD; according to the tradition,

The Roman Jewish Ghetto (the second-oldest in Italy, following the one in Venice, whose dialect originated the word indicating for decades the places where Jews were forced to live and work) was established on July 12th, 1555 by Pope Paul IV; it marked the beginning of a long story filled with tragic moments, such as