- Meeting time: 8:00AM
- Board the coach and departure at 8:30AM
- Arrival to Sermoneta at 10:00AM
- Snack time/Comfort Stop
- Introduction 10:20 a.m.
- The tour of the Castle 11:00AM- 12:00PM
- Restroom break 12:00PM
- Tour of the town (Free Time) 12:15PM – 2:15PM
- – Departure 2:15PM
- – Arrival to Rome 3:45PM
- English-speaking, expert guide
- Tour of the Castle
Join More of Rome on this half- day tour to the medieval castle near Rome, in the ancient town of Sermoneta, in Monti Lepini (Lepini Hills), an hour and a half drive south-east of Rome.
On this tour we take you far from the noise of the city, to the Roman countryside, to the town of Sermoneta in Lepini Hills. With the help of our expert guide you will discover one of the hidden gems of Lazio, perfectly preserved, still inhabited, and off the beaten path. We begin our tour with the visit to the medieval castle, built in 12th century, you will have a local, expert guide who will take around the castle to show you the highlights and tell you everything there is to know about this fortress, and then you will have full two hours to explore this beautiful, medieval town, meet the locals who are more than happy to see you in their ancient town, visit the ancient churches, neighborhoods, stores, boutiques, bars and tavernas, use this time to take photos in this perfect setting, and, of course, to soak it all in. Walk the same streets that Borgia family once walked, and visit places where Lucrezia and Cesare Borgia played their dirty politics. You can either follow your guide to explore the narrow streets of this little gem, or you can do it on your own, at your own pace.
The town of Sermoneta is an ancient, walled hill town, located in the province of Latina, about an hour and a half south-east of Rome, and it is really a hidden gem of Lazio region. Sermoneta is surrounded by olive groves and orange trees, and you can see its massive, 12th century castle from miles away. Sermoneta has always been a very important strategic point due to its location, at the altitude of about 800' (257 m.) it is overlooking the ancient Appian way (the oldest paved highway in the world) and Pontinian Marshes (present day Agro Pontina), from the belvedere of Sermoneta you can see as far as the coastline.
Its roots go way back before the Roman conquest, probably founded by the Volsci tribe, Sermoneta was a member of Latin League, which included many towns of ancient Lazio region.
Sermoneta was mentioned by Pliny the Senior, 1st century naturalist, historian and admiral of Roman fleet in his “Storia Naturale”, and by Virgil in his epic “Aeneid” 1st century BC. From 13th to 16th centuries Sermoneta was home to a thriving Jewish community.
Sermoneta was completelly rebuilt in the middle ages, and the highlights of the medieval era include: 12th-century castle built by Caetani family, 13th-century cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, 13th-century Jewish Ghetto, and the churches of San Giuseppe built in 16th century and San Michele built in 12th century.
In 2007 many scenes from the movie “Silk” were shot in Sermoneta.
Castello Caetani is a medieval castle and a perfect example of a castle built before the use of gun powder and later on adopted to the fast developing firearm warfare.
The first to have lived there was The Baron Annibaldi, who was in charge of not only the town of Sermoneta, but of all towns and villages in the vicinity, under direct order from the Holy See.
The castle consisted of a fortress, where people lived their daily lives, a church, Saint Peter in Corte, and a cistern to collect rain water. The Barons had also built two towers : “Il Maschio” 42 meters (140') and a smaller counter-tower.
Due to the financial problems of the Baron's family, in 1297, the Count of Caserta, Pietro Caetani purchased all their lands and properties, and very soon it became known as Castello Caetani or Caetan Castle.
The Caetani family had decided to enlarge the castle and built the “Sala dei Baroni” or The Hall of Barons, used for business meetings to conduct their feudal affairs.
In 1470 Pope Honorius II commissioned the frescoes with mythological themes, in few rooms of the castle, called The Painted Rooms or “Camere Pinte”.
In 1499 Pope Borgia excommunicated the Caetani family and expropriated all their lands. The new fortified walls were built around the castle, the towers were also rebuilt, and the church was demolished, and the castle has become a property of Borgia's children Cesare and Lucrezia, where the latter lived for many years.
After the death of Pope Borgia, all lands and properties were returned to the Caetani family, but the castle had lost it's strategic importance, and was abandoned, sacked by Saracines and finally became a military warehouse. And only in 1800 the castle was restored and became public property.